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Textured skin: What causes it, and how can I prevent it?

Textured skin: What causes it, and how can I prevent it?

The skin is a fascinating organ. In addition to serving as the barrier that protects us from external agents and fulfilling other essential functions for our body, it also reflects our overall health, as well as our habits and environment.

Despite its importance, as athletes, we sometimes underestimate the significance of skin texture and don't give it the attention it deserves.

Nevertheless, the skin can provide valuable information about us, revealing more aspects of our health and lifestyle than we might imagine.

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What is it, and what are the main causes of skin texture?

The skin texture refers to how the surface of the skin looks and feels. This aspect, ranging from smoothness to roughness, varies from person to person and is influenced by factors such as overall health and underlying skin conditions.

Smooth and even skin typically indicates good hydration and proper care. On the other hand, irregular texture can have various causes, some of which include:

  • Dry skin

Skin dryness is due to a lack of sufficient moisture in the skin. When the skin fails to retain or receive water properly, it tends to become dry and rough.

This phenomenon can be triggered by various factors. For instance, constant exposure to extreme weather conditions, such as sun or wind, can lead to dehydration and affect the skin's texture, a common occurrence in athletes who train outdoors daily.

Frequent use of strong soaps, prolonged baths with hot water, and a lack of regular application of moisturizers can also contribute to skin dryness.

  • Accumulation of dead skin cells

Dead cells can accumulate on the skin as part of the natural cell renewal process. Typically, skin cells shed to make way for new ones, but various factors can interfere with this process.

Lack of regular exfoliation, exposure to extreme environmental conditions, and excessive use of skincare products with aggressive ingredients can contribute to the buildup of dead cells. This accumulation can result in a rough and dull skin texture.

  • Specific skin conditions

Some skin conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis, or keratosis pilaris, can have an impact on skin texture.

Eczema is an inflammation of the skin that can cause redness, swelling, and itching, contributing to the formation of dry and rough patches.

On the other hand, psoriasis, an autoimmune disease, can lead to a rapid buildup of skin cells, presenting with scaly patches and an irregular texture.

Keratosis pilaris, in turn, is a condition that causes the accumulation of keratin around hair follicles, resulting in small rough bumps, primarily on the arms and thighs.

These conditions affect the appearance of the skin and can also cause discomfort, impacting the quality of life.

  • Natural aging

As we age, the skin undergoes natural changes, including a decrease in the production of collagen and elastin. This can lead to a loss of firmness and elasticity, contributing to a less smooth texture


causes of skin texture


How to address and prevent skin texture problems?

Some strategies that can help improve and/or prevent skin texture include:

  • Hydration

Skin hydration plays a crucial role in improving its texture. Regular use of moisturizers or lotions enriched with ingredients such as hyaluronic acid and glycerin provides effective hydration and helps restore moisture.

These components work by attracting and retaining water in the deeper layers of the skin, promoting long-lasting hydration. By keeping the skin barrier well-nourished, cellular regeneration is encouraged, and the appearance of dryness and roughness is minimized, resulting in an improvement in skin texture.

  • Moderate exfoliation

Moderate exfoliation is a practice that helps improve skin texture. By incorporating gentle exfoliants into the skincare routine, the removal of accumulated dead cells on the skin's surface is facilitated, stimulating cellular regeneration and promoting fresher, radiant skin.

However, it's important to exercise caution and avoid over-exfoliation, as it can lead to skin irritations and sensitivity. A balanced approach to exfoliation ensures effective benefits without compromising skin health and integrity, maintaining a smooth and even texture in the long run.

  • Specific treatments for skin conditions

For certain skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis, or keratosis pilaris, it's essential to consult a dermatologist. 

Prevention and treatment play vital roles in a skincare routine, including regular use of moisturizing creams with ingredients like hyaluronic acid and glycerin.

Avoiding known triggers such as chemical irritants and allergens is crucial to minimize flare-ups.

Consulting with a dermatologist is essential for tailored treatment guidance. Eczema may be addressed with corticosteroid or emollient creams to reduce inflammation and enhance skin texture.

Psoriasis might require specialized treatments like phototherapy or immunosuppressive medications. 

In the case of keratosis pilaris, creams containing urea are effective in smoothing the skin and reducing rough bumps.

Customizing the treatment based on an individual's specific condition is key to effectively managing these skin conditions.

  • Sun protection

Regular application of sunscreen with an appropriate Sun Protection Factor (SPF) acts as an effective barrier against damage caused by ultraviolet rays, helping preserve the elasticity and smoothness of the skin.

Furthermore, it's important to note that sun protection should not be limited to just the body, as lips are also vulnerable to the harmful effects of the sun. Including a lip balm with SPF in the daily routine protects this delicate area.

  • Anti-aging care

Incorporating products like retinoids and antioxidants helps address the changes inherent in natural aging, such as the loss of collagen and the slowing down of cellular regeneration. It also contributes to maintaining smoother and firmer skin.

Retinoids, derived from vitamin A, promote cell renewal, improving texture, and minimizing the appearance of wrinkles.

On the other hand, antioxidants like vitamin C and E combat free radicals responsible for premature aging, promoting healthier and more resilient skin.

Integrating anti-aging care into the daily routine, aside from being a preventive strategy, is also an effective way to preserve the vitality of the skin.


how prevent skin texture problems


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Addressing and preventing skin texture issues involves a comprehensive approach that combines personal care habits, specific treatments, and professional attention. By adhering to these practices, we can maintain healthy, smooth, and radiant skin for a longer period.